Interdependence – or dependent origination – is one of the key points of Buddhist philosophy. Buddha taught that every phenomenon exists only by depending on other. From the moment of its appearance, until its cessation, the existence of all things is due to a continuous relation with something else.
Nobody and nothing exists autonomously or independently. Thus, all phenomena lack inherent existence, but meanwhile, they exist. This allows us to achieve the wisdom that perceives the ultimate nature of things - namely emptiness – overcoming our innate ignorance that prevents us from seeing reality.
In addition to this, we can understand that all beings are closely related to each other, showing that the self-centered attitude is totally illogical and this in turn is the foundation for love, compassion and altruism, giving rise to the mind of enlightenment or Bodhicitta, the desire to achieve Buddhahood for the benefit of others.
The two aspects of wisdom and altruism are the root foundations upon which the path that leads to enlightenment is based. Motivated by the intention to honor the Buddha, Lama Tsongkhapa explained that the best praise one can offer, is to show the depth and importance of his teachings on interdependence .
The Three Principal Aspects of The Path